Let’s talk a bit about Moon Kingdom architecture. This one is a pretty obvious and easy topic because everyone knows about the Taj Mahal in India, and the general aspect of Islamic architecture. For those of you who need reminding, however, here is the Wiki article on the Taj: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal
It seems to have been Naoko’s inspiration for one (and the most well-known) design for the Moon Kingdom palace. I say one of them, because the Moon Kingdom has changed silhouette or architecture in different parts of the manga and/or anime. The Islamic influences are also visible in the scene showing the garden and a side of the palace. Also, notice the lace-like designs which flow nicely with the feminine, more elegant images, such as Serenity’s dress (the upper part), or all of the lacey background images in the manga… or even the girls’ clothes in some color artwork by Naoko.
However, the ruins of the Moon Kingdom resemble the ruins of Ancient Greek architecture more than Islamic architecture. The ruined kingdom seems to be a version of the Athens Acropolis rather than what Islamic architecture would look like if in that state of decay… Notice the columns (in the distance there’s some Doric Order, and in the close-up with the Queen in a bubble you can clearly see Corinthian Order). Also, note that scenes taking place in interior spaces or on balconies suggest Palladian architecture or Neoclassicism. So one might say that the interiors are an anachronism, considering that they exist simultaneously as the style that came before them and which led to their birth. But the again, this is fiction… so suspension of disbelief is to be expected :)
(none of the images in this post belong to me)